PUBLICATIONS

Title (Click to sort alphabetically)sort descending Published Year Topic Resource Type File URL
"How Sweet it Isn't" - The Sugar Sweetened Beverage Tool Kit for Park & Recreation Agencies
By California Park & Recreation Society & California Center for Public Health Advocacy, March 2014. This Tool Kit presents research and facts about the impact of sugar sweetened beverages, action steps, and resources so every park and recreation agency can take action and communicate its role in supporting healthy lifestyle choices.
2014 Policy Reports and Tool Kits Link
"If It Tastes Good, I’m Drinking It": Qualitative Study of Beverage Consumption Among College Students
"Among students at six colleges, taste and price, not health, were the dominant factors when choosing beverages. To reduce the high sugar-sweetened beverage intake in this population, students felt that interventions using shocking visual images or providing low-cost or free water would be required to overcome preferences." Full Citation: Block JP, Gillman MW, Linakis SJ, Goldman RE.  "'If It Tastes Good, I’m Drinking It': Qualitative Study of Beverage Consumption Among College Students." Journal of ADolescent Health. 2013; Epublisehd.
2013 Sugary drinks Research Link
2014 Sugary Drink FACTS Report
2014 Sugary Drink FACTS (Food Advertising to Children and Teens Score)
2014 Sugary drinks Reports and Tool Kits Link
2016 Big Soda's Spending Spree to Fight Public Health Measures (CSPI)
Infographic from CSPI
2016 Beverage industry Research Link
2016 Field Poll on Warning Labels 2016 Sugary drinks Research Link
2016 TCE Field Poll on Sugary Drink Warning Labels 2016 Policy Research Link
A Guide to Food Industry Front Groups
One increasingly common way industry attempts to shape the public discourse is by forming a group that appears to benefit the public. Often these groups claim to represent farmers or consumers or some other sympathetic constituency when in fact they are funded by powerful industry players.
2013 Beverage industry Reports and Tool Kits Link
A Randomized Trial of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Adolescent Body Weight
Among overweight and obese adolescents, the increase in BMI was smaller in the experimental group than in the control group after a 1-year intervention designed to reduce consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, but not at the 2-year follow-up. Full Citation: Ebbeling, CB, Feldman HA, Chomitz VR, Antonelli TA, Gortmaker SL, Osganian SK, & Ludwig DS. A Randomized Trial of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Adolescent Body Weight. New England Journal of Medicine. September 21, 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1203388.
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
A Roadmap for Successful Sugary Drink Tax Campaigns
By Action for Healthy Food, October 2015
2015 Policy Reports and Tool Kits Link
A Trial of Sugar-free or Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Body Weight in Children
Masked replacement of sugar-containing beverages with noncaloric beverages reduced weight gain and fat accumulation in normal-weight children. Full Citation: de Ruyter, JC, Olthof MR, Seidell JC, & Katan MB. A Trial of Sugar-free or Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Body Weight in Children. New England Journal of Medicine. September 21, 2012: http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1203034.
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
Added Sugars. Subtracted Science: How Industry Obscures Science and Undermines Public Health Policy on Sugar
This report explores how sugar interests have actively sought to deceive the public and ensure that Americans continue to consume high amounts of sugar.  By the Center for Science and Democracy at the Union of Concerned Scientists.
2014 Beverage industry Reports and Tool Kits Link
Adverse effect of high added sugar consumption on dietary intake in American preschoolers
Children with the highest level of added sugar intake (25% of energy or more) had the lowest consumption of most nutrients and servings of grains, vegetables, fruits, and dairy. Full Citation: Kranz S, Smiciklas-Wright H, Siega-Riz AM, Mitchell D. Adverse effect of high added sugar consumption on dietary intake in American preschoolers. J Pediatr. Jan 2005;146(1):105-111.
2005 Sugary drinks Research Link
American Beverage Association Press Releases about Soda Tax
American Beverage Association Press Releases related to a soda tax, 2009-2010.
2009-2010 Beverage industry Media/Opinion Link
Annenberg Philadelphia Healthy Lifestyles Initiative Survey
Results from the Annenberg Philadelphia Healthy Lifestyles Initiative (PHLI) Survey, 2010.
2010 Obesity Media/Opinion Link
Are you drinking your teeth away? How soda and sports drinks dissolve enamel
Drinking of acidic beverages (such as sugar-sweetened beverages) lead to dental erosion. Contributing factors include what, how much, when, and how you drink. Full Citation: Buyer DM. Are you drinking your teeth away? How soda and sports drinks dissolve enamel. J Indiana Dent Assoc. Summer 2009;88(2):11-13.
2009 Sugary drinks Reports and Tool Kits Link
Artificial sweeteners: a systematic review of metabolic effects in youth
Data from large, epidemiologic studies suggest the existence of an association between artificially-sweetened beverage consumption and weight gain in children. Full Citation: Brown RJ, de Banate MA, Rother KI. Artificial sweeteners: a systematic review of metabolic effects in youth. Int J Pediatr Obes. Aug 2010;5(4):305-312.
2010 Sugary drinks Research Link
Artificially Sweetened Beverages: Cause for Concern
Artificially sweetened beverages may not be the optimal "diet drink" for weight loss. Full Citation: Ludwig DS. Artificially sweetened beverages: cause for concern. Jama. Dec 9 2009;302(22):2477-2478.
2009 Sugary drinks Educational material Link
Assessing the Economics of Obesity and Obesity Interventions
This paper examines the costs of obesity – present and future – and reviews the array of programs currently available to prevent and treat obesity, it also seeks to bridge the gap between those programs and how policymakers measure the benefit of policies to address chronic diseases like obesity. Full Citation: MJ O'Grady, JC Capretta. March 2012. Assessing the Economics of Obesity and Obesity Interventions. The Campaign to End Obesity.
2012 Obesity Reports and Tool Kits Link
Association between sugar-sweetened beverages and type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis
Wang M, Yu M, Fang L and Hu RY. Journal of Diabetes Investigation. 2014. DOI: 10.1111/jdi.12309 Findings suggested that sugar-sweetened beverages intake was associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and the association was attenuated by adjustment for BMI. Specifically, the associations were also found significant positive in USA, Europe.
2014 Diabetes, Sugary drinks Research Link
Association between sugar-sweetened beverages and type 2 diabetes: a meta-analysis
Wang M, Yu M, Fang L and Hu RY. Journal of Diabetes Investigation. 2014. DOI: 10.1111/jdi.12309 Findings suggested that sugar-sweetened beverages intake was associated with an increased risk of type 2 diabetes and the association was attenuated by adjustment for BMI. Specifically, the associations were also found significant positive in USA, Europe.
2014 Diabetes, Sugary drinks Research Link
Associations Between Obesity and Comorbid Mental Health, Developmental, and Physical Health Conditions in a Nationally Representative Sample of US Children Aged 10 to 17
Childhood overweight and obesity were associated with higher rates of ADHD, conduct disorders, depression, learning disabilities, developmental delay, good/fair/poor teeth, bone/joint/muscle problems, asthma, allergies, headaches, and ear infections. Full Citation: Halfon N, Larson K, Slusser W. Associations Between Obesity and Comorbid Mental Health, Developmental, and Physical Health Conditions in a Nationally Representative Sample of US Children Aged 10 to 17. Academic Pediatrics. 2013: 13(1); 6-13.
2013 Obesity Research Link
Athlete Endorsements in Food Marketing
This study quantified professional athletes’ endorsement of food and beverages, evaluated the nutritional quality of endorsed products, and determined the number of television commercial exposures of athlete-endorsement commercials for children, adolescents, and adults.
2013 Marketing Research Link
Avoiding Weight Bias in Portrayals of Overweight and Obese People in Media Campaigns
This fact sheet from the Rudd Center describes weight bias, and offers guidelines for avoiding it in sugar-sweetened beverage media campaigns.
2011 Obesity Fact Sheet Link
Baltimore Warning Label Talking Points
Soda warning label talking points by SugarFree Kids Maryland
2016 Policy Fact Sheet Link
Bananas as an Energy Source during Exercise: A Metabolomics Approach.
This experiment  found that eating bananas before and during prolonged and intensive exercise is as effective a strategy for supporting performance in athletes as drinking sports drinks. Full Citation: Nieman DC, Gillitt ND, Henson DA, Sha W, Shanely RA, Knab AM, Cialdella-Kam L, Jin F. Bananas as an Energy Source during Exercise: A Metabolomics Approach. PLoS ONE. 2012; 7(5): e37479.
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
Beverage Consumption Among High School Students -- United States, 2010
This analysis of the NYPANS 2010 survey indicated that, although water, milk, and 100% fruit juice were the beverages consumed most commonly during the 7 days before the survey, 24.3% of high school students drank a serving of regular soda or pop, 16.1% drank a serving of a sports drink, and 16.9% drank a serving of another SSB one or more times per day during the week. Full Citation: Brener ND, Merlo C, Eaton D, et al. Beverage consumption among high school students -- United States, 2010. JAMA. 2011; 306(4): 369-371.
2011 Sugary drinks Reports and Tool Kits Link
Beverage consumption, appetite, and energy intake: what did you expect?
Compared to eating solid foods, drinking liquids tells our body that we can eat more. Full citation: Cassady BA, Considine RV, Mattes RD. Beverage consumption, appetite, and energy intake: what did you expect? Am J Clin Nutr. Mar 2012; 95(3):587-93.
2012 Beverage industry Research Link
Beverage Intake of Girls at Age 5 y Predicts Adiposity and Weight Status in Childhood and Adolescence
In a longitudinal study, sugar-sweetened beverage intake was positively associated with adiposity from age 5 y to 15 y. Full Citation: Fiorito LM, Marini M, Francis LA, Smiciklas-Wright, Birch LL. Beverage intake of girls at age 5 y predicts adiposity and weight status in childhood and adolescence. Am J Clin Nutr. 2009; 90: 935-942.
2009 Sugary drinks Research Link
Beverage Patterns and Trends Among School-Aged children in the US, 1989-2008
School-aged children have showed substantial increase in SSB consumption (particularly fruit drinks, high fat-high sugar milk, soft drinks, and sports drinks) and decrease in consumption of high fat-low sugar milk over the years 1989-91 and 2007-08. Full Citation: Lasater G, Piernas C, Popkin BM. Beverage patterns and trends among school-aged children in the US, 1989-2008. Nutr J.. 2001; 10(103): 1-9.
2011 Sugary drinks Research Link
Beverage purchases from stores in Mexico under the excise tax on sugar sweetened beverages: observational study
Colchero et al. BMJ. 2016;352:h6704. What has been the effect on purchases of beverages from stores in Mexico one year after implementation of the excise tax on sugar sweetened beverages?
Policy Research Link
Big Soda’s long shadow: news coverage of local proposals to tax sugar-sweetened beverages in Richmond, El Monte and Telluride
Nixon L, Mejia P, Cheyne A, Dorfman L. Critical Public Health. Dec 2014 In 2012 and 2013, Richmond and El Monte, CA, and Telluride, CO, became the first communities in the country to vote on citywide sugary drink taxes. In the face of massive spending from the soda industry, all three proposals failed at the ballot box, but the vigorous public debates they inspired provide valuable insights for future policy efforts. We analyzed local and national news coverage of the three proposals and found that pro-tax arguments appeared most frequently in the news. Advocates for the taxes focused primarily on the potential community health benefits the taxes could produce and the health harms caused by sodas. Tax opponents capitalized on the existing political tensions in each community, including racial and ethnic divisions in Richmond, anti-government attitudes in El Monte, and a culture of individualism in Telluride. Pro-tax arguments came mainly from city officials and public health advocates, while anti-tax forces recruited a wide range of people to speak against the tax. The soda industry itself was conspicuously absent from news coverage. Instead, in each community, the industry funded anti-tax coalition groups, whose affiliation with industry was often not acknowledged in the news. Our analysis of this coverage exposes how soda tax opponents used strategies established by the tobacco industry to fight regulation. Despite these defeats, tax advocates can take inspiration from more mature public health campaigns, which indicate that such policies may take many years to gain traction.
2014 Policy Research Link
Body Mass Index Categories and Mortality Risk in US Adults: The Effect of Overweight and Obesity on Advancing Death
Compared with normal-weight adults, obese adults had at least 20% significantly higher rate of dying of all-cause or CVD.
2014 Obesity Research Link
Bubbling Over: Soda Consumption and Its Link to Obesity in California
This policy brief, produced collaboratively by the California Center for Public Health Advocacy and the UCLA Center for Health Policy Research, examines soda consumption in California by cities and counties and investigates whether there is an association between soda consumption and the prevalence of overweight and obesity. Full Citation: Babey SH, Jones M, Yu H, Goldstein H. Bubbling Over: Soda Consumption and Its Link to Obesity in California. UCLA Center for Health Policy Research and California Center for Public Health Advocacy, 2009.
2009 Sugary drinks Research Link
CA City Soda Tax Calculator - Methodology
CA City Soda Tax Calculator: Data sources & Assumptions
2014 Policy Research Link
CA Project LEAN: Parent Toolkit including lesson on sugary drinks in schools
CA  Project LEAN's Parent Lesson Plans: Advocating for Healthier School Environments including new section for addressing sugary drinks in schools.
2012 Sugary drinks Reports and Tool Kits Link
CA WIC Rethink Your Drink- Beverage Cards
From California WIC, these cards describe just how much sugar is in each type of sugary drink.
2011 Sugary drinks Educational material Link
CA WIC Rethink Your Drink- Handout
Pledge to "Rethink Your Drink," find out tips for increasing your water intake, and how to calcuate the number of teaspoons of sugar in your favorite drink. From California WIC.
2011 Sugary drinks Educational material Link
CA WIC Rethink Your Drink- Poster
Poster showing the number of teaspoons of sugar in different beverage types. From California WIC.
2011 Sugary drinks Educational material Link
Caffeinated and Caffeine-Free Beverages and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
After major lifestyle and dietary risk factors were controlled for, caffeinated and caffeine-free SSB intake was significantly associated with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes in the Nurses' Health Study. Full Citation: Bhupathiraju SN, Pan A, Malik VS, et al. Caffeinated and caffeine-free beverages and risk of type 2 diabetes. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013; 97: 155-166.
2013 Sugary drinks, Diabetes Research Link
Caffeinated and Caffeine-Free Beverages and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
After major lifestyle and dietary risk factors were controlled for, caffeinated and caffeine-free SSB intake was significantly associated with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes in the Nurses' Health Study. Full Citation: Bhupathiraju SN, Pan A, Malik VS, et al. Caffeinated and caffeine-free beverages and risk of type 2 diabetes. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013; 97: 155-166.
2013 Sugary drinks, Diabetes Research Link

Pages