PUBLICATIONS

Title (Click to sort alphabetically) Published Yearsort ascending Topic Resource Type File URL
Sugary Drinks and Latino Kids
This document explores the impact of sugary drink consumption by Latino kids and provides policy recommendations to combat the negative health effects of sugary drinks.
2013 Sugary drinks Fact Sheet Link
Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Weight Gain in 2- to 5-Year-Old Children
This study used a longitudinal cohort of children (followed from birth ot age 5) to examine the impact of sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) consumption on BMI. The study found that children at age 5 who drank SSBs regularly had 43% higher odds of being obese.
2013 Sugary drinks Research Link
The Future of Beverages: 7 Key Changes the Beverage Industry Must Accept
The beverage industry, multifarious in its composition and structure, is ever-evolving and consistently growing in stature. With an enormous array of beverage options available to consumers, the market has been divided into confusing subsections, but one thing is clear: the future of beverages is healthy. 
2013 Beverage industry Reports and Tool Kits Link
Caregivers' Psychosocial Factors Underlying 3 Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake Among Non-Hispanic 4 Black Preschoolers: An Elicitation Study
Qualitative study describing the factors that influence caregiver decisions to serve sugar-sweetened beverages to non-hispanic black preschoolers. Factors considered include but are not limited to convenience, cost, taste, potential health consequences, availability, and pressure from other parents. Full Citation: Tipton JA. Caregivers' Psychosocial Factors Underlying Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake Among Non-Hispanic Black Preschoolers: An Elicitation Study. J Pediatr Nur. 2013. http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.pedn.2013.06.006.
2013 Sugary drinks Research Link
A Guide to Food Industry Front Groups
One increasingly common way industry attempts to shape the public discourse is by forming a group that appears to benefit the public. Often these groups claim to represent farmers or consumers or some other sympathetic constituency when in fact they are funded by powerful industry players.
2013 Beverage industry Reports and Tool Kits Link
Caffeinated and Caffeine-Free Beverages and Risk of Type 2 Diabetes
After major lifestyle and dietary risk factors were controlled for, caffeinated and caffeine-free SSB intake was significantly associated with a higher risk of type 2 diabetes in the Nurses' Health Study. Full Citation: Bhupathiraju SN, Pan A, Malik VS, et al. Caffeinated and caffeine-free beverages and risk of type 2 diabetes. Am J Clin Nutr. 2013; 97: 155-166.
2013 Sugary drinks, Diabetes Research Link
California Field Research Poll: Obesity in Rural California Counties
California Field Research Poll: Obesity in Rural California Counties. Ninety-four percent of registered voters surveyed in 12 rural California counties say obesity is a serious problem for the nation, and 84 percent believe it’s a serious problem for their communities, a Field Research poll released Tuesday, January 22nd, 2013 finds. A majority of these voters say their communities should do more to address obesity, and want help from business, government, individuals and community groups.
2013 Obesity Research Link
Associations Between Obesity and Comorbid Mental Health, Developmental, and Physical Health Conditions in a Nationally Representative Sample of US Children Aged 10 to 17
Childhood overweight and obesity were associated with higher rates of ADHD, conduct disorders, depression, learning disabilities, developmental delay, good/fair/poor teeth, bone/joint/muscle problems, asthma, allergies, headaches, and ear infections. Full Citation: Halfon N, Larson K, Slusser W. Associations Between Obesity and Comorbid Mental Health, Developmental, and Physical Health Conditions in a Nationally Representative Sample of US Children Aged 10 to 17. Academic Pediatrics. 2013: 13(1); 6-13.
2013 Obesity Research Link
The relationship of sugar to population-level diabetes prevalence: an econometric analysis of repeated cross-sectional data
"Differences in sugar availability statistically explain variations in diabetes prevalence rates at a population level that are not explained by physical activity, overweight or obesity." Full Citation: Basu S, Yoffe P, Hills N, Lustig RH (2013) The Relationship of Sugar to Population-Level Diabetes Prevalence: An Econometric Analysis of Repeated Cross-Sectional Data. PLoS ONE 8(2): e57873. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0057873
2013 Diabetes, Sugar Research Link
Disparities in Consumption of Sugar-Sweetened and Other Beverages by Race/Ethnicity and Obesity Status Among United States Schoolchildren.
Beverage consumption patterns did not substantially differ across weight status groups, but by race/ethnicity in the home. Full Citation: Dodd AH, Briefel R, Cahili C, et al. Disparities in consumption of sugar-sweetened and other beverages by race/ethnicity and obesity status among United States schoolchildren. J Nutr Educ Beh. 2013; 45(3).
2013 Sugary drinks Research Link
Expanding Portion Sizes in the US Marketplace: Implications for Nutrition Counseling
Study examining food and beverage portion sizes and changes in these over time. Full Citation: Young LR, Nestle M. Expanding Portion Sizes in the US Marketplace: Implications for Nutrition Counseling. Journal of the American Dietetic Association. 2003; 103(2): 231-234.
2013 Obesity Research Link
Consumption of artificially and sugar-sweetened beverages and incident type 2 diabetes
This longitudinal cohort study showed a direct association between sugar-sweetened beverages and artificically-sweetened beverages and risk of Type 2 Diabetes in women, which persisted after adjustment for BMI and energy intake. Full Citation: Fagherazzi G, Vilier A, Sartorelli DS, Lajous M, Balkau B, Clavel-Chapelon F. Consumption of artificially and sugar-sweetened beverages and incident type 2 diabetes in the Etude Epide´ miologique aupre` s des femmes de la Mutuelle Ge´ ne´ rale de l’Education Nationale–European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition cohort. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2013.
2013 Sugary drinks, Diabetes Research Link
Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Young Children
Kick the Can's fact sheet on the effects of sugary drinks on young children.
2013 Sugary drinks Fact Sheet Link
Health Advocates Call on Beverage Industry to Make Changes that Matter
Press Release from CCPHA  (January 17, 2013). AsCoca-cola airs a commercial lauding their efforts to address obesity and CCPHA recommends 7 ways the industry could acutally help fight obesity.
2013 Marketing Media/Opinion Link
Water and Sports Drinks
Kick the Can's fact sheet on water and sports drinks.
2013 Sugary drinks Fact Sheet Link
The Health Consequences of Drinking Soda and Other Sugar-Sweetened Beverages
Kick the Can's fact sheet about the health effects of drinking sugary beverages.
2013 Sugary drinks Fact Sheet Link
Healthy hospital food initiatives in the United States: time to ban sugar sweetened beverages to reduce childhood obesity.
In this viewpoint, a pediatrician from the University of California, San Francisco makes a strong case for removing sugar-sweetened beverages from hospitals. Citation: Wojcicki JM. Healthy hospital food initiatives in the United States: time to ban sugar sweetened beverages to reduce childhood obesity. Acta Paediatr. Jun 2013;102(6):560-561.
2013 Sugary drinks Research Link
Sugar and Health
Kick the Can's fact sheets on the health effects of consuming sugar and sugary drinks.
2013 Sugar Fact Sheet Link
How Sugar Sweetened Beverages Became a Leading Contributor to the Obesity Epidemic
Kick the Can's fact sheet about the beverage industry's bold and unrelenting marketing campaigns, increases in sugary drink portion sizes, concerted efforts by the beverage industry to keep prices low, and dramatic expansion of sugary drink product availability.
2013 Sugary drinks Fact Sheet Link
Financial Conflicts of Interest and Reporting Bias Regarding the Association between Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Weight Gain: A Systematic Review of Systematic Reviews
by Maira Bes-Rastrollo , Matthias B. Schulze, Miguel Ruiz-Canela, Miguel A. Martinez-Gonzalez Summary: Industry sponsors' financial interests might bias the conclusions of scientific research. We examined whether financial industry funding or the disclosure of potential conflicts of interest influenced the results of published systematic reviews (SRs) conducted in the field of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) and weight gain or obesity.
2013 Sugary drinks Research Link
Fast Food Facts: Measuring Progress in Nutrition and Marketing to Children and Teens
Fast food companies still target kids with marketing for unhealthy products. In 2012 the fast food industry spent $4.6 billion to advertise mostly unhealthy products, and children and teens remained key audiences for that advertising, according to a new report by the Yale Rudd Center for Food Policy & Obesity. The report highlights a few positive developments, such as healthier sides and beverages in most restaurants' kids' meals, but also shows that restaurants still have a long way to go to promote only healthier fast-food options to kids. 
2013 Marketing Reports and Tool Kits Link
Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Satiety
Kick the Can's fact sheet on sugary drinks and their effect on satiety (fullness).
2013 Sugar Fact Sheet Link
Sugar Consumption at a Crossroads
As the global cost of obesity approaches $700 billion, international bank Credit Suisse puts an economist's eye to the science of soda, table sugar versus high-fructose corn syrup, the increasing size of humans, and what's to be done.
2013 Sugar Reports and Tool Kits Link
Still Bubbling Over: California Adolescents Drinking More Soda and Other Sugar-Sweetened Beverages
This policy brief examines changes in consumption of soda and other sugar-sweetened beverages among youth in California. Using data from the California Health Interview Survey, this study found that although the percent of children under the age of 12 who drink at least one sugar-sweetened beverage (SSB) per day dropped between 2005 and 2012, SSB consumption increased among adolescents.   
2013 Sugary drinks Reports and Tool Kits Link
Replacing caloric beverages with water or diet beverages for weight loss in adults: main results of the Choose Healthy Options Consciously Everyday (CHOICE) randomized clinical trial
Replacement of caloric beverages with noncaloric beverages as a weight-loss strategy resulted in average weight losses of 2% to 2.5%. Full Citation: Tate DF, Turner-McGrievy G, Lyons E, et al. Replacing caloric beverages with water or diet beverages for weight loss in adults: main results of the Choose Healthy Options COnsciously Everyday (CHOICE) randomized clinical trial. N Engl J Med 2011; 364(25): 2392-2404.
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
Factors Associated with Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake Among United States High School Students
A study examining the association of demographics, weight characteristics, availability of beverage vending machines in schools, and behavioral factors with SSB intake for high school students. Factors associated witha  greater likelihood of high SSB consumption include male gender, non-Hispanic black demographics, eating at fast food restaurants at least once a week or more, and television activity. Full Citation: Park S, Blanck HM, Sherry B, et al. Factors associated with sugar-sweetened beverage intake among United States high school students. J Nutr. 2012; 142: 306-312.
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
CA Project LEAN: Parent Toolkit including lesson on sugary drinks in schools
CA  Project LEAN's Parent Lesson Plans: Advocating for Healthier School Environments including new section for addressing sugary drinks in schools.
2012 Sugary drinks Reports and Tool Kits Link
Commentary: role of hydration in health and exercise.
Commentary detailing the evidence that the public has been misled—mainly by the marketing departments of companies selling sports drinks to increase sales—to believe that they need to drink to stay "ahead of thirst" to be optimally hydrated. Full Citation: Noakes TD. Commentary: role of hydration in health and exercise. BMJ. 2012; 344: e4171.
2012 Marketing Research Link
Consumption of Sports Drinks by Children and Adolescents.
This research review examines the evidence about children’s and adolescents’ consumption of sports drinks and the related health implications and concludes that sports drinks are not recommended for the vast majority of youths engaged in normal physical activity. Recommendation given that government agencies need to monitor the effects of marketing sports drinks to children. Full Citation: Healthy Eating Research. Consumption of Sports Drinks by Children and Adolescents. Research Review, June 2012.
2012 Sugary drinks Reports and Tool Kits Link
Miracle pills and fireproof trainers: user endorsement in social media.
Investigation of the marketing claims of sports products, including sports drinks, in social media in the UK and the US. Full Citation: Smith A, Jones G. Miracle pills and fireproof trainers: user endorsement in social media. BMJ. 2012; 345: e4682.
2012 Marketing Research Link
Consumption Patterns of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages in the United States
The prevalence of heavy total SSB consumption increased among children but decreased among adolescents and young adults. Soda was the most heavily consumed SSB in all age groups except for children. Prevalence of soda consumption decreased, whereas heavy sports/energy drink consumption tripled among adolescents. Full Citation: Han E, Powell LM. "Consumption Patterns of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages in the United States" Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 2013; 113: 43-53.
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
F as in Fat: How Obesity Threatens America's Future, 2012
The number of obese adults, along with related disease rates and health care costs, are on course to increase dramatically in every state in the country over the next 20 years. Full Citation: F as in Fat: How Obesity Threatens America's Future. Trust for America's Health and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. September 2012.
2012 Obesity Reports and Tool Kits Link
NYC's Pouring on the Pounds Community Action Kit
Toolkit from the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene's Pouring on the Pounds campaign to help fight obesity by limiting sugary drink consumption.
2012 Sugary drinks Reports and Tool Kits Link
Thinking Forward: The Quicksand of Appeasing the Food Industry
Opinion piece claims that "left to regulate itself, the food industry has the opportunity, if not the mandate from shareholders, to sell more products irrespective of their impact on consumers. Government, foundations, and other powerful institutions should be working for regulation, not collaboration." Full Citation: Brownell KD. Thinking Forward: The Quicksand of Appeasing the Food Industry. PLoS Med. 2012; 9(7): e1001254.
2012 Beverage industry Media/Opinion Link
The evidence underpinning sports performance products: a systematic assessment.
Systematic review finds that there is a "striking lack of evidence to support the vast majority of sports-related products that make claims related to enhanced performance or recovery." Full Citation: Heneghan C, Howick J, O’Neill B, Gill P, Lasserson D, Cohen D, DAvis R, Ward A, Smith A, Jones G, Thompson M. The evidence underpinning sports performance products: a systematic assessment. BMJ Open. 2012; 2: e1702.
2012 Marketing Research Link
Factors predicting severe childhood obesity in kindergarteners
Certain parental, prenatal/pregnancy, infant, and early childhood factors (including sugary drink consumption), both alone and in combination, are potent predictors of severe obesity in kindergarteners. Full Citation: Flores, G., Lin, H. Factors predicting severe childhood obesity in kindergarteners. International Journal of Obesity. 2013; 37(1), 31–39.
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
Assessing the Economics of Obesity and Obesity Interventions
This paper examines the costs of obesity – present and future – and reviews the array of programs currently available to prevent and treat obesity, it also seeks to bridge the gap between those programs and how policymakers measure the benefit of policies to address chronic diseases like obesity. Full Citation: MJ O'Grady, JC Capretta. March 2012. Assessing the Economics of Obesity and Obesity Interventions. The Campaign to End Obesity.
2012 Obesity Reports and Tool Kits Link
Soda and Tobacco Industry Corporate Social Responsibility Campaigns: How Do They Compare?
Article reports that major soda manufacturers have recently employed elaborate, expensive, multinational corporate social responsibility (CSR) campaigns, similar to those created by the tobacco industry.  These CSRs focus responsibility on consumers rather than on the corporation, bolster the companies’ and their products’ popularity, and to prevent regulation. Full Citation: Dorfman L, Cheyne A, Friedman LC, Wadud A, Gottlieb M. Soda and Tobacco Industry Corporate Social Responsibility Campaigns: How Do They Compare? PLoS Med. 2012; 9(6): e1001241.
2012 Beverage industry Media/Opinion Link
Mythbusting sports and exercise products.
This article examines the evidence behind the 6 primary claims made for sports and exercise products on athletic performance. Full Citation: Heneghan C, Gill P, O'Neil B, Lasserson D, Thake M. Thompson M. Mythbusting sports and exercise products. BMJ. 2012; 345: e4848.
2012 Marketing Research Link
Sucrose-sweetened beverages increase fat storage in the liver, muscle, and visceral fat depot: a 6-mo randomized intervention study.
Randomized trial found that daily intake of sugar-sweetened soft drinks (SSSDs) for 6 mo increases abdominal fat accumulation compared with milk, diet cola, and water. Thus, daily intake of SSSDs is likely to enhance the risk of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Full Citation: Maersk M, Belza A, Stødkilde-Jørgensen H, Ringgaard S, Chabanova E, Thomsen H, Pedersen SB, Astrup A, Richelson B. Sucrose-sweetened beverages increase fat storage in the liver, muscle, and visceral fat depot: a 6-mo randomized intervention study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2012; epub: http://www.ajcn.org/content/early/2011/12/26/ajcn.111.022533.abstract
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link

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