PUBLICATIONS

Title (Click to sort alphabetically) Published Yearsort ascending Topic Resource Type File URL
Federal Trade Commission: Review of Food Marketing to Children and Adolescents
Federal Trade Commission. A Review of Food Marketing to Children and Adolescents: follow up report. December 2012. This report is a follow-up to the Federal Trade Commission’s 2008 report requested by Congress: Marketing Food to Children and Adolescents: A Review of Industry Expenditures, Activities, and Self- Regulation. This report compares 2006 to 2009 data (i.e., first 3 years of self-regulation); it contains data from same 44 companies + 4 new; it analyzes spending and nutrition as well as assesses industry self-regulation against 2008 recommendations and identifies gaps.  
2012 Marketing Reports and Tool Kits Link
Replacing caloric beverages with water or diet beverages for weight loss in adults: main results of the Choose Healthy Options Consciously Everyday (CHOICE) randomized clinical trial
Replacement of caloric beverages with noncaloric beverages as a weight-loss strategy resulted in average weight losses of 2% to 2.5%. Full Citation: Tate DF, Turner-McGrievy G, Lyons E, et al. Replacing caloric beverages with water or diet beverages for weight loss in adults: main results of the Choose Healthy Options COnsciously Everyday (CHOICE) randomized clinical trial. N Engl J Med 2011; 364(25): 2392-2404.
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
Factors Associated with Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Intake Among United States High School Students
A study examining the association of demographics, weight characteristics, availability of beverage vending machines in schools, and behavioral factors with SSB intake for high school students. Factors associated witha  greater likelihood of high SSB consumption include male gender, non-Hispanic black demographics, eating at fast food restaurants at least once a week or more, and television activity. Full Citation: Park S, Blanck HM, Sherry B, et al. Factors associated with sugar-sweetened beverage intake among United States high school students. J Nutr. 2012; 142: 306-312.
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
CA Project LEAN: Parent Toolkit including lesson on sugary drinks in schools
CA  Project LEAN's Parent Lesson Plans: Advocating for Healthier School Environments including new section for addressing sugary drinks in schools.
2012 Sugary drinks Reports and Tool Kits Link
Commentary: role of hydration in health and exercise.
Commentary detailing the evidence that the public has been misled—mainly by the marketing departments of companies selling sports drinks to increase sales—to believe that they need to drink to stay "ahead of thirst" to be optimally hydrated. Full Citation: Noakes TD. Commentary: role of hydration in health and exercise. BMJ. 2012; 344: e4171.
2012 Marketing Research Link
Consumption of Sports Drinks by Children and Adolescents.
This research review examines the evidence about children’s and adolescents’ consumption of sports drinks and the related health implications and concludes that sports drinks are not recommended for the vast majority of youths engaged in normal physical activity. Recommendation given that government agencies need to monitor the effects of marketing sports drinks to children. Full Citation: Healthy Eating Research. Consumption of Sports Drinks by Children and Adolescents. Research Review, June 2012.
2012 Sugary drinks Reports and Tool Kits Link
Thinking Forward: The Quicksand of Appeasing the Food Industry
Opinion piece claims that "left to regulate itself, the food industry has the opportunity, if not the mandate from shareholders, to sell more products irrespective of their impact on consumers. Government, foundations, and other powerful institutions should be working for regulation, not collaboration." Full Citation: Brownell KD. Thinking Forward: The Quicksand of Appeasing the Food Industry. PLoS Med. 2012; 9(7): e1001254.
2012 Beverage industry Media/Opinion Link
Miracle pills and fireproof trainers: user endorsement in social media.
Investigation of the marketing claims of sports products, including sports drinks, in social media in the UK and the US. Full Citation: Smith A, Jones G. Miracle pills and fireproof trainers: user endorsement in social media. BMJ. 2012; 345: e4682.
2012 Marketing Research Link
Consumption Patterns of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages in the United States
The prevalence of heavy total SSB consumption increased among children but decreased among adolescents and young adults. Soda was the most heavily consumed SSB in all age groups except for children. Prevalence of soda consumption decreased, whereas heavy sports/energy drink consumption tripled among adolescents. Full Citation: Han E, Powell LM. "Consumption Patterns of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages in the United States" Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 2013; 113: 43-53.
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
F as in Fat: How Obesity Threatens America's Future, 2012
The number of obese adults, along with related disease rates and health care costs, are on course to increase dramatically in every state in the country over the next 20 years. Full Citation: F as in Fat: How Obesity Threatens America's Future. Trust for America's Health and the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. September 2012.
2012 Obesity Reports and Tool Kits Link
NYC's Pouring on the Pounds Community Action Kit
Toolkit from the New York City Department of Health and Mental Hygiene's Pouring on the Pounds campaign to help fight obesity by limiting sugary drink consumption.
2012 Sugary drinks Reports and Tool Kits Link
Soda and Tobacco Industry Corporate Social Responsibility Campaigns: How Do They Compare?
Article reports that major soda manufacturers have recently employed elaborate, expensive, multinational corporate social responsibility (CSR) campaigns, similar to those created by the tobacco industry.  These CSRs focus responsibility on consumers rather than on the corporation, bolster the companies’ and their products’ popularity, and to prevent regulation. Full Citation: Dorfman L, Cheyne A, Friedman LC, Wadud A, Gottlieb M. Soda and Tobacco Industry Corporate Social Responsibility Campaigns: How Do They Compare? PLoS Med. 2012; 9(6): e1001241.
2012 Beverage industry Media/Opinion Link
The evidence underpinning sports performance products: a systematic assessment.
Systematic review finds that there is a "striking lack of evidence to support the vast majority of sports-related products that make claims related to enhanced performance or recovery." Full Citation: Heneghan C, Howick J, O’Neill B, Gill P, Lasserson D, Cohen D, DAvis R, Ward A, Smith A, Jones G, Thompson M. The evidence underpinning sports performance products: a systematic assessment. BMJ Open. 2012; 2: e1702.
2012 Marketing Research Link
Factors predicting severe childhood obesity in kindergarteners
Certain parental, prenatal/pregnancy, infant, and early childhood factors (including sugary drink consumption), both alone and in combination, are potent predictors of severe obesity in kindergarteners. Full Citation: Flores, G., Lin, H. Factors predicting severe childhood obesity in kindergarteners. International Journal of Obesity. 2013; 37(1), 31–39.
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
Assessing the Economics of Obesity and Obesity Interventions
This paper examines the costs of obesity – present and future – and reviews the array of programs currently available to prevent and treat obesity, it also seeks to bridge the gap between those programs and how policymakers measure the benefit of policies to address chronic diseases like obesity. Full Citation: MJ O'Grady, JC Capretta. March 2012. Assessing the Economics of Obesity and Obesity Interventions. The Campaign to End Obesity.
2012 Obesity Reports and Tool Kits Link
Sucrose-sweetened beverages increase fat storage in the liver, muscle, and visceral fat depot: a 6-mo randomized intervention study.
Randomized trial found that daily intake of sugar-sweetened soft drinks (SSSDs) for 6 mo increases abdominal fat accumulation compared with milk, diet cola, and water. Thus, daily intake of SSSDs is likely to enhance the risk of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. Full Citation: Maersk M, Belza A, Stødkilde-Jørgensen H, Ringgaard S, Chabanova E, Thomsen H, Pedersen SB, Astrup A, Richelson B. Sucrose-sweetened beverages increase fat storage in the liver, muscle, and visceral fat depot: a 6-mo randomized intervention study. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2012; epub: http://www.ajcn.org/content/early/2011/12/26/ajcn.111.022533.abstract
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
Mythbusting sports and exercise products.
This article examines the evidence behind the 6 primary claims made for sports and exercise products on athletic performance. Full Citation: Heneghan C, Gill P, O'Neil B, Lasserson D, Thake M. Thompson M. Mythbusting sports and exercise products. BMJ. 2012; 345: e4848.
2012 Marketing Research Link
Obesity and severe obesity forecasts through 2030
This study estimates a 33% increase in obesity prevalence and a 130% increase in severe obesity prevalence over the next 2 decades. Full Citation: Finkelstein EA, Khavjou OA, Thompson H, et al. Obesity and severe obesity forecasts through 2030. Am J Prev Med. Jun 2012;42(6):563-570.
2012 Obesity Research Link
Dietary Salt Intake, Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption, and Obesity Risk
In Australian children, the amount of salt consumed was positively associated with fluid consumption, and predicted the amount of sugar sweetened beverage consumed. In addition, sugar sweetened beverage consumption was associated with obesity risk, indicating a potential link between salt intake and childhood obesity. Full Citation: Grimes CA, Riddell LJ, Campbell KJ, Nowson CA. Dietary Salt Intake, Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption, and Obesity Risk. Pediatrics. 2012 online at http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/early/2012/12/05/peds.2012-1628
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
Consumption of Added Sugar Among U.S. Children and Adolescents, 2005–2008
Approximately 16% of children and adolescents’ total caloric intakes came from added sugars, exceeding the 2010 Dietary Guidelines recommendations of 5%-15% of total caloric intake. Full Citation: Ervin RB, Kit BK, Carroll MD, et al. Consumption of added sugar among US children and adolescents, 2005-2008.NCHS Data Brief no. 87. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.
2012 Sugar Research Link
Sweetened Beverage Consumption, Incident Coronary Heart Disease and Biomarkers of Risk in Men
Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages was associated with increased risk of Coronary Heart Disease and some adverse changes in lipids, inflammatory factors, and leptin.Full Citation: de Koning L, Malik VS, Kellogg MD, Rimm EB, Willett WC, Hu  FB. Sweetened Beverage Consumption, Incident Coronary Heart Disease and Biomarkers of Risk in Men. Circulation. 2012; 125: 1735-41.
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
Soft drink intake in relation to incident ischemic heart disease, stroke, and stroke subtypes in Japanese men and women: the Japan Public Health Centre–based study cohort
Soft drink intake is associated with higher risk of ischemic stroke for women. Full Citation: Eshak ES, Iso H, Kokubo Y, Saito I, Yamagishi K, Inoue M, Tsugane S. Soft drink intake in relation to incident ischemic heart disease, stroke, and stroke subtypes in Japanese men and women: the Japan Public Health Centre–based study cohort I. Am J Clin Nutr December 2012 ajcn.037903; First published online October 17, 2012.
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
Prevalence of Obesity and Trends in the Distribution of Body Mass Index Among US Adults, 1999-2010
In 2009-2010, the prevalence of obesity was35.5% among adult menand 35.8% among adult women. No significant change compared with 2003-2008. Full Citation: Flegal KM, Carroll MD, Kit BK, Ogden CL. Prevalence of obesity and trends in the distribution of body mass index among U.S. adults, 1999-2010. Jama. Feb 1 2012;307(5): 491-497.
2012 Obesity Research Link
Increasing Water Availability During Afterschool Snack: Evidence, Strategies, and Partnerships from a Group Randomized Trial
Participation in the intervention was associated with an average daily decrease of 60.9 kcals from beverages served during snack. Full Citation: Giles CM, Kenney EL, Gortmaker SL, Lee RM, Thayer JC, Mont-Ferguson H, & Cradock AL. Increasing Water Availability During Afterschool Snack: Evidence, Strategies, and Partnerships from a Group Randomized Trial. American journal of preventive medicine. 2012; 43(3): S136–S142.
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Genetic Risk of Obesity
Study found the genetic association with (fat) adiposity appeared to be more pronounced with greater intake of sugar-sweetened beverages. Full Citation: Qi Q, Chu AY, Kang JH, Jensen MK, Curhan GC, Pasquale LR, Ridker PM, et al. Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Genetic Risk of Obesity. New England Journal of Medicine. September 21, 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1203039.
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
Nonnutritive Sweeteners: Current Use and Health Perspectives from the American Heart Association
"At this time, there are insufficient data to determine conclusively whether the use of nonnutritive sweeteners to displace caloric sweeteners in beverages and foods reduces added sugars or carbohydrate intakes, or benefits appetite, energy balance, body weight, or cardiometabolic risk factors." Full Citation: Gardner C, Wylie-Rosett J, Gidding SS, Steffen LM, Johnson RK, Reader D, & Lichtenstein AH.  "Nonnutritive Sweeteners: Current Use and Health Perspectives. A Scientific Statement From the American Heart Association and the American Diabetes Association" Circulation. 2012;126:509-519.
2012 Sugar Research Link
Coffee, Tea, and Sugar-Sweetened Carbonated Soft Drink Intake and Pancreatic Cancer Risk: A Pooled Analysis of 14 Cohort Studies
There is a suggestive, modest positive association between risk of pancreatic cancer and moderate SSB consumption. Full Citation: Genkinger JM, Li R, Spiegelman D, et al. Coffee, tea, and sugar-sweetened carbonated soft drink intake and pancreatic cancer risk: a pooled analysis of 14 cohort studies. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev. 2012; 21(2): 305-318.
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
Reaching the healthy people goals for reducing childhood obesity: closing the energy gap
The federal government has set measurable goals for reducing childhood obesity to 5%by 2010 (Healthy People 2010), and 10% lower than 2005–2008 levels by 2020 (Healthy People 2020). To hit these goals, aggressive efforts are needed to reverse the positive energy imbalance underlying the childhood obesity epidemic. Full Citation: Wang YC, Orleans CT, Gortmaker SL. Reaching the healthy people goals for reducing childhood obesity: closing the energy gap. Am J Prev Med. May 2012;42(5):437-444.
2012 Obesity Research Link
A Trial of Sugar-free or Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Body Weight in Children
Masked replacement of sugar-containing beverages with noncaloric beverages reduced weight gain and fat accumulation in normal-weight children. Full Citation: de Ruyter, JC, Olthof MR, Seidell JC, & Katan MB. A Trial of Sugar-free or Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Body Weight in Children. New England Journal of Medicine. September 21, 2012: http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1203034.
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
Dietary-Related and Physical Activity-Related Predictors of Obesity in Children: A 2-Year Prospective Study
In a cohort of 271 children, exercising more and eating breakfasts with family more while watching less television and drinking less sugar-sweetened beverages is associated with more favorable results in adiposity (measured by body fat and BMI). Full Citation: Carlson JA, Crespo NC, Sallis JF, et al. Dietary-Related and Physical Activity-Related Predictors of Obesity in Children: A 2-Year Prospective Study. Childhood Obesity. April 2012. 8(2): 110-115.
2012 Obesity Research Link
A Randomized Trial of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Adolescent Body Weight
Among overweight and obese adolescents, the increase in BMI was smaller in the experimental group than in the control group after a 1-year intervention designed to reduce consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages, but not at the 2-year follow-up. Full Citation: Ebbeling, CB, Feldman HA, Chomitz VR, Antonelli TA, Gortmaker SL, Osganian SK, & Ludwig DS. A Randomized Trial of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages and Adolescent Body Weight. New England Journal of Medicine. September 21, 2012. http://dx.doi.org/10.1056/NEJMoa1203388.
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
Consistency Between Increasing Trends in Added-Sugar Intake and Body Mass Index Among Adults: The Minnesota Heart Survey, 1980–1982 to 2007–2009
Analysis of 1980-1982 and 2007-2009 Minneapolis-St Paul residents show concurrent BMI increase with added-sugar intake in both genders and all age and weight groups. Full Citation: Wang H, Steffen LM, Zhou X, et al. Consistency between increasing trends in added-sugar intake and body mass index among adults: The Minnesota Heart Survey, 1980-1982 to 2007-2009. Am J Clin Nutr. 2012; in press. 
2012 Obesity Research Link
Low-calorie sweetener consumption is increasing in the United States
The consumption of low calorie sweetener containing beverages has doubled among US children over the past decade. Full Citation: Sylvetsky AC, Welsh JA, Brown RJ, Vos MB. Low-calorie sweetener consumption is increasing in the United States. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2012; ajcn.034751.
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
Sweeteners and Risk of Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes: The Role of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages
Sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs), which include the full spectrum of soft drinks, fruit drinks, energy and vitamin water drinks, have been found to be the largest contributor to added sugar intake in the US diet. Full Citation: Malik VS, Hu FB. Sweeteners and Risk of Obesity and Type 2 Diabetes: The Role of Sugar-Sweetened Beverages. Curr Diab Rep. Jan 31 2012.
2012 Sugary drinks, Diabetes Research Link
Effect of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) on Frequency of Beverage Consumption among Youth in the United States
SNAP participation was not found to be predictive of the frequency of soft drink, 100% fruit juice, or milk consumption among youth. In its current state, SNAP may serve to replace lost income for qualifying households, but not alter their food and beverage choices. Interventions that support access to and incentivize the consumption of more healthful foods and beverages may be successful in improving the nutritional quality of intake. Full Citation: Fernandes MM (2012). Effect of the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) on Frequency of Beverage Consumption among Youth in the United States.  Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 12(8):1241-6.  
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
Prevalence of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Factors Among US Adolescents, 1999-2008
This article reports on the prevalence of risk factors for heart disease among adolescents (12-19 years old) from 1999-2008. While there was not a signifcant increase in the prevalence of prehypertension/hypertension or bad cholesterol from 1999-2008, there was a huge increase in prevalence of prediabetes/diabetes: 9% to 23%. Furthermore, 61% of obese youth had at least one risk factor heart disease compared with 37% of normal-weight youth. Citation: May AL, Kuklina EV, Yoon PW. Prevalence of cardiovascular disease risk factors among US adolescents, 1999-2008. Pediatrics. Jun 2012;129(6):1035-1041.
2012 Obesity Research Link
Encouraging Trends in Student Access to Competitive Beverages in US Public Elementary Schools, 2006-2007 to 2010-2011
Survey study finds that students are buying less soda in schools, but sugary sports drinks are still a problem Full Citation: Turner L, Chaloupka FJ. Encouraging Trends in Student Access to Competitive Beverages in US Public Elementary Schools, 2006-2007 to 2010-201. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2012;166(7):673-675.
2012 Sugary drinks Research Link
Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Factsheet - Spanish
Bebidas Azucaradas:Más Azúcar, Más Calorías, Más Sobrepeso.  2011.  By CCPHA
2011 Sugary drinks Fact Sheet Link
Impact of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption on Black Americans’ Health
A report that summarizes sugar-sweetened beverage consumption trends and its health consequences among black American’s. Full Citation: African American Collaborative Obesity Research Network. Impact of Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Consumption on Black Americans' Health. January 2011.
2011 Sugar Research Link
Sugar-Sweetened Beverages Factsheet - English
Sugar-sweetened beverages: Extra Sugar, Extra Calories, Extra Weight.  By CCPHA
2011 Sugary drinks Fact Sheet Link

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